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The Tale of a bellows (Fuigo)@Q

The Fuigo which is recorded at first in Japan, is one which had been written in the Chronicles of Japan, Nihonshoki and is a Fuigo made of leather which is called "A-Ma-No-Ha-Bu-Ki". Due to this book, this Fuigo had been made in leather by whole shaped skinning of Manaka(Mana-deer) to fabricate the Hi-bo-ko(kind of sword) from metals which had been digged in Ka-Gu-Ya-Ma(mountain). This bag made of leather had been called "Fu-Ki-Ka-Wa" (leather bag for blowing) and this pronunciation had changed to "Fu-I-Go" during long times. This opinion for the origin of word "Fu-I-Go" seems to be strong.
Fig.1 shows the Iron works drawing owned by Kobayashi family in Iwate prefecture. In this figure, you can see a scene of Ta-Ta-Ra iron works with six(6) Fuigo made of leather.

Originally, Fuigo was made as a bag from leathers which animals were skinned, and air may be blown when bag was collapsed.
In the world out of Japan, Fuigo had been recorded in document written in the Roman Empire which had governed Europe during BC 8th century to BC 4th century. The Roman Empire had the techniques of iron metal production and fabrication of products of iron as background of great military power. Anvils, hammers, tongs and etc., had been developed to meet any need and had been used. Fuigo was one of them, types of Fuigos showed in Fig.2 was mainstream.
This Fuigo was made by stitching two pieces of leathers of sheep. Greater Fuigo was made of leathers of cows and had two pieces of plates to operate Fuigo. Levers were used to operate greater Fuigo.

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