(1) The good or bad of a castle depends on the design including the defensive layout (Nawabari),the construction, and the set up. Himeji Castle,which was built on Mt. Hime, is a hill or flat mountain castle (hirayamajiro). The defensive layout of Himeji Castle is called a Spiral Layout (Rasenshiki Nawabari ). The layout offers resistance as it is complicated and well designed. (2) The main building complex is made up of the main building (Daitenshu) and three small towers around it. This is called the Coalition Grouping Style. (3) The Dormer Gable (Chidorihafu) and Chinese Gable(Karahafu) are skillfully combined. The walls of the entire buildings including eaves are completely covered with white plaster. This is called "Sonurikome" in Japanese. (4) The overall construction is regular and balanced, and the appearance is very beautiful. (5) The original figure of Himeji Castle remains, mainly over 82 buildings including corridors, Storehouses(Yagura),gates(Mon) and main buildings (Tenshu). This gives you a clear idea of a castle of Japan.
Main Tower Complex